Situational judgment tests are meant to evaluate judgment in a specific situation, exactly as the name implies. This means that the test is not based on specific knowledge or learned information. It is an aptitude test, meant to evaluate your natural skill or ability. The test is meant to test for personality, common sense, and personal skills required in handling specific jobs.
The answers one provides offer an indication of their way of thinking and approaching a certain situations, therefore their personal competency profile can be established in a relatively reliable way. The test typically measure for the following competencies: Communicating with Clarity; Collaborating with People; Analyzing and Creating Solutions; Leading and Inspiring Others; Focusing on Delivery; Harnessing the Power of Development Planning and Organizing and finally Coping under Pressure.